African Union Member States, international development partners, and civil society have outlined priority actions for the Africa Water Investment Action Plan, which will accelerate implementation of the United Nations (UN) 2023 Water Action Agenda on the continent.
The plan will guide African states to mobilize US$30bn/year in additional financing towards water security and sustainable sanitation by 2030.
Currently under development, the plan will support the recommendations of the International High-Level Panel on Water Investments as outlined in the landmark report, Africa’s Rising Investment Tide, launched at the UN 2023 Water Conference; as well as the African Union’s Continental Africa Water Investment Programme (AIP).
Priority actions for the plan were raised at a global consultation, convened by the African Union Commission (AUC) in collaboration with the High-Level Panel at Stockholm World Water Week 2023 on 21 August 2023. The full recording of the consultation is viewable here.
This consultative process will contribute to the Launch of the High-Level Panel Campaign, Mind the Gap – Invest in Water, planned during the UN General Assembly – SDG Summit on 19 September 2023, New York
The Co-Chairs of the High-Level Panel are H.E. Macky Sall; H.E. Mark Rutte, Prime Minister of The Kingdom of the Netherlands; and H.E. Hage Geingob, President of the Republic of Namibia. H.E. Jakaya Kikwete, Former President of the United Republic of Tanzania, acts as Alternate Co-Chair.
Water Investment Action Plan to provide roadmap for mobilising resources
Opening the global consultation on behalf of the Panel’s Co-Chairs, Hon. Calle Schlettwein, Minister of Agriculture, Water and Land Reform for the Republic of Namibia said: “Africa has massive opportunities, her enormous resource wealth including water, her potential to become the bread basket of the world, her youthful population, her potential for green energy, to mention a few. We must now convert this potential into reality.”
Hon. Calle Schlettwein, Minister of Agriculture, Water and Land Reform for the Republic of Namibia
“We are convinced that this Investment Action Plan will provide the roadmap for the continent in terms of mobilizing the much-needed investments, making sure that all our Member States are able to align their investment plans with the action plan itself,” said Mr. Harsen Nyambe, AUC Director of Sustainable Environment and Blue Economy. He was speaking on behalf of H.E. Josefa Sacko, African Union Commissioner for Agriculture, Rural Development, Blue Economy and Sustainable Environment.
H.E. Josefa Sacko, African Union Commissioner for Agriculture, Rural Development, Blue Economy and Sustainable Environment
“Water, sanitation and hygiene are fundamental to Africa’s social and economic transformation, and will enable Africa to make a quantum leap in industrialization and development,” said Hon. Serigne Mbaye THIAM, Minister of Water and Sanitation for the Republic of Senegal, represented Dr. Mohamed DIATTA.
Hon. Serigne Mbaye THIAM, Minister of Water and Sanitation for the Republic of Senegal
Nine investment sources identified for at least $30 billion/year additional finance by 2030
The High-Level Panel Report outlines the pyramid of water investment transformation for Africa with nine financing sources, namely:
- Sector governance: efficiency gains and cost savings;
- Valuing water-related risks and internalising the environmental costs;
- Institutional investors;
- Mineral resources tax;
- African governments budgets;
- National development banks, commercial banks and micro-finance institutions (MFIs);
- Multilateral climate funds;
- Multilateral Development Banks and Development Finance Institutions; and
- Bilateral ODA and philanthropy.
Financing targets for each financing source are presented that map out how to raise at least $30 billion/year additional by 2030.
Bulk of finance to come from domestic sources combined with radical improvement of delivery
“The bulk of the finance will need to be mobilized from domestic sources, combined with a radical improvement of delivery and critically matching supply with demand, and based on future-proof programming instead of funding practices of the past,” said Amb. Henk Ovink, Former First Special Envoy International Water Affairs of the Kingdom of the Netherlands.
Amb. Henk Ovink, Former First Special Envoy International Water Affairs of the Kingdom of the Netherlands
African governments are called on by the High-Level Panel to increase water infrastructure allocations by 20%. The governments of Zambia, Namibia, Senegal, Tanzania and South Africa confirmed that this target is achievable with better articulation of the economic contribution of water.
Hon. Mike Mposha, Minister of Water Development and Sanitation for Zambia, said that the country had allocated US$1bn towards its US$5.7bn national water investment programme and that Zambia’s budget allocation for water and sanitation had increased by 27% over the last three years.
Hon. Mike Mposha, Minister of Water Development and Sanitation for Zambia
AIP partners and stakeholders including representatives from the World Bank, African Development Bank, Development Bank of Southern Africa, Green Climate Fund, Global Environment Facility, Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, and others discussed the need for strong and mutually beneficial partnerships between national governments and non-government players, specifically the private sector.
“We need to bring in other investors and this can only be facilitated by demonstrating strong leadership,” said Osward Chanda, Director of Water Development and Sanitation Department at the African Development Bank.
Osward Chanda, Director of Water Development and Sanitation Department at the African Development Bank
Stakeholders also identified the need for improved efficiency and accountability in project execution and in water service provision; policy and regulatory reforms; capacity building; as well as the use of technology and innovation.
Release of the Water Investment Action Plan
The Water Investment Action Plan will centre around an investment action framework and provide detailed actions for each finance source that provide the right enabling environment and remove key bottlenecks, naming the responsible actors, estimating approximate costs, and proposing key milestones that need to be achieved.
The Water Investment Action Plan will be released during the last quarter of 2023.
Stakeholders leading discussions on the Water Investment Action Plan during the Consultation included:
- Dr. Mohamed DIATTA, Sherpa to the High-Level Panel Co-Chair, H.E Macky Sall, President of the Republic of Senegal
- Alex Simalabwi, Executive Secretary of GWPSA-Africa, Director-High Level Panel Secretariat, Sherpa to the High-Level Panel Alternate Co-Chair, H.E Jakaya Kikwete, Former President of the United Republic of Tanzania.
- Jae So, Chair of the Global Water Partnership Technical Committee
- Sareen Malik, Executive Secretary: African Civil Society Network on Water
- Ismail Fahmy M Shaiye, Advisor: Water and Climate Change in the Executive Office of the President of Kenya
- Lisa Rudge, Water, Sanitation & Hygiene Adviser at the UK’s Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office
- Brian Arbogast, Director of the Water, Sanitation and Hygiene team at the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation
- Khalifa Sarr, Head of the Office of the Special Envoy of the President of African Development Bank for the Alliance for Green Infrastructure in Africa
- Aude FARNAULT, Policy Analyst on Water Finance and Economics at the OECD Environment Directorate
- Graham Chingambu, Fund Manager: SADC Water Fund at the Development Bank of Southern Africa
- Dr. Amgad Elmahdi, Water Sector Lead at the Green Climate Fund
- Dr. George Lugomela, Director of Water Resources in the Government of the Republic of Tanzania’s Ministry of Water
- Dr. Hubert Danso, Chairman of the African Union’s Continental Business Network
- Hzekiel Aynalem: WASH and renewable energy project loans specialist at the Vision Fund Microfinance Institution Ethiopia
- Dr. Nicholas Igwe, Global Head for the Organised Private Sector in Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (OPS-WASH), the Global Private Sector Constituency Steering Committee Representative for Sanitation and Water for All (SWA) Partnership and the CEO of Zenith Water Projects LTD
- Arshad Sayed, CEO for Climate Action Systems
- Maryanne Muriuki, Communication Specialist: Disaster Risk Reduction Unit, Department of Agriculture, Rural Development, Blue Economy and Sustainable Environment, African Union Commission, MuriukiM@africa-union.org
- Svetlana Doneva, Panel Secretariat Communication Advisor, +27827976103, firstname.lastname@example.org
- Molalet Tsedeke, Information and Communication Directorate, African Union Commission, Molalett@africa-union.org